Vencie: dream destination

Vencie: dream destination

Venice (Venezia) is a unique port city in northern Italy, that lays on 118 islands in the Adriatic Sea on the east coast of the Apennine peninsula. Islands are separated by channels and the total number of channels is 150 with 400 bridges over them. The  city is connected with the mainland by road bridge of 4 kilometers in length. Venice is the center of the Veneto region, which gave the city its name, and it brings this name from the ancient tribe of Veneti, who lived in these places during the Roman Empire.  Today 270,439 people live In Venice (as of 2009).

venice_iii_by_isacgoulart-d4rds4sVenice is a unique city on the water. There are no cars, bicycles and water channels replace streets. All buildings of Venice stay on the special multilevel basis, it’s the only possibility to keep them firm, for  muddy bottom of the lagoon is very unstable. The bottom layer, that is entirely underwater, consists of pillars made of wood of Russian larch – the wood that virtually doesn’t spoil in water. Wood flooring lays on the pillars, and it is covered by stone foundation on its turn, where raise walls of Venetian houses. Actually, the houses in Venice are very light, as their exterior finishing is made of limestone, and interior partitions are made of wood.
All of the Venice and the Venice lagoon make part of UNESCO world heritage.
Venice of today is about to perish, it’s a city disappearing under water. Every year it slowly (up to 5 mm per year) immersing in water of the Venetian lagoon. The main reason for the disaster is considered an industrial water extraction from artesian wells, that results in a decrease of the ground level. Studies show that most of Venice can disappear under water already in 2028, making it completely uninhabitable and would lead to the destruction of architectural and historical monuments. Project “Moses” was worked out to save the “Pearl of the Adriatic”, its purpose is a construction of leak-proof barriers around Venice.
Island Venice is a seaside resort, a popular international tourist center, venue of festivals of world significance, art and architecture exhibitions, colorful carnivals uniting visitors from all over Europe.
Venice can meet its guests in different ways: dazzle with splendor of palaces and paints of carnivals, scare with heavy smells of muddy water in the canals and crowds of tourists from all over the world. However, regardless of experience, which will make this city, travelers will remember it forever.

Moving around Venice

Venice is a city that is unique ibecause of total absence of cars and buses. One can move around Venice only on foot or by water transport. Water transport is represented by large boats vaporetto, gondolas tragetto, classic Venetian gondolas for walks and private motor-boat taxis

Sights of Venice

Heart of Venice is St. Mark’s Square (Piazza San Marco), standing sin a circle of great buildings crowded_venicedating Renaissance times. Piazza San Marco has always been not only a geographical but also cultural and political center of the Venetian Republic. The square is surrounded by historical and architectural monuments: St. Mark Cathedral, the Doge’s Palace, St. Mark’s Bell Tower and Clock Tower, Old and New Procuratie.

Doge’s Palace

Doge’s Palace in Italian is called Palazzo Ducale. Construction of the palace began in the IX century.  Its modern aspect was acquired by the end of XIII – beginning of XIV centuries. In architecture, the Palace was clearly influenced by the three styles – Gothic, Renaissance and Moorish style, and its support through the lower floor is an impressive amount of wall that creates a false sense of fragility and lightness. In fact, the bottom floor of the building rests on 36 massive columns. Gallery of the second tier is a double row of columns, but thin and tall. The third tier represents a smooth wall with asymmetrical windows of different sizes. Front wall is crowned with figured saw-tooth attic. In the central part of the facade are situated balconies where doges appeared in front of people.

St. Mark’s Basilica

St. Mark’s Basilica (Basilika San Marco) is a Byzantine style building, framing San Marco square. The history of this temple is associated with the legend, telling that in the years 828-829 relics of St. Mark the Evangelist were stolen by two Venetian merchants and secretly brought from Alexandria to Venice. This scene is reflected in one of the mosaics decorating the walls of the basilica.

St._Marc's_BasilicaIn 832 was sanctified the first basilica, constructed on this place: Basilica of San Marco, which was soon destroyed by fire. In its place in 1063 a new basilica was erected. In 1075 the ruling Doge  decreed that all ships arriving in Venice from distant countries, had to bring gifts for the Basilica of San Marco. Venetians in fear of possibility, that Alexandrians could require to return the relics of the saint, in 1094 announced the miracle: in the Basilica that bears his name, the relics of St. Mark appeared all of a sudden, no one knows where from. On this occasion a divine service was accomplished, the basilica was consecrated anew, and the city began holiday festivities.

Bell tower

Bell tower, or Kampanilla (Campanile) on Piazza San Marco can be seen opposite the Basilica of San Marco. This sight of Venice, which top is crowned by a winged statue of the Archangel Gabriel, was built in the IX century and is the oldest structure on the square. San Marco Kampanilla once served as a lighthouse and a watchtower, it also served to declare another execution. More than a century  Kampanilla, with its 92 meters high and 11 meters wide, stood safely in place until July 14, 1902 when it suddenly collapsed and turned into a nice mountain of debris. In the same time, it managed not to touch any of the historical monuments of the area. The City Council decided to restore the building to its former state, and so it was done. Venice residents love this sight and respectfully refer to the Bell Tower of San Marco as to the hostess of the city. Kampanilly images can be seen in the paintings of the great Italian artist Canaletto.

The Rialto Bridge

Rialto Bridge (Ponte di Rialto) is the oldest of the three bridges over the Grand Canal. At the beginning of the XVI century, it was decided to restore the Rialto Bridge, that crushed once more, but this time in stone.
At this time, the reconstruction of the bridge tender was announced, and it was attended by very famous architects – Michelangelo, Palladio, Sansovino Vingola. However, they all offeredrialto-bridge classic design of the bridge with several arches. As a result, preference is given to Antonio da Ponte, who completed the construction of the Rialto Bridge in 1591. New stone bridge was very similar to the very first wooden bridge in this place. Two inclined pitched parts connected in the center and on both sides of the portico were retail shops. Architecture of the bridge was so audacious, that ill-wishers predicted imminent collapse of the structure. But the bridge stands till present, and, moreover, has become one of the major Venice sights.

The Bridge of Sights

The Bridge of Sighs (Ponte dei Sospiri) is one of the bridges in Venice coming over the Palace channel – Rio de Palacio. The author of this decorated in Baroque style bridge, constructed  in the XVII century, was Italian architect Antonio Conti. Bridge of Sighs connects the Doge’s Palace building, with its courtroom, with prisons. Name of the bridge comes, as you might think, not from  romantic sighs of lovers, frequently meeting here. In this context, it is bitter sighs of prisoners passing through the bridge and throwing a farewell glance at Venice.

Ca’ d’Oro

santa-maria-della-saluteCa ‘d’Oro, or Palazzo Santa Sofia is one of the most attractive Venetian palaces on the Grand Canal in Cannaregio. This palace, built on the site of an ancient Byzantine building used to be called the “Golden House”, because its decoration is made with leaf-gold. The palace building is accomplished in the Gothic style, its construction began in the XV century, between 1425 and 1440 years, by  architect Giovanni Bon and his son Bartolomeo Contarini project, as an order of Contarini family.

Grand Canal

Venice_mapThe Grand Canal (Canal Grande), cutting the city area in a letter S shape, is  sure to belong to one of the remarkable sights of Venice. The best way to see the Grand Canal and luxury palaces that adorn its shores is a walk on board of vaporetto, Venetian river boat, one of the types of local public transport. In the afternoon such a trip will take about 45 minutes, in the evening – about 1 hour. Vaporetto debarks along the Grand Canal from the train station Santa Lucia. The length of the Grand Canal is of 3.8 km, width – 70 meters, its depth varies, but in some places reaches 5 meters.

Santa Maria della Salute

The largest domed church in Venice – Santa Maria della Salute, built in Baroque style. This temple in honor of Holy Mother was built in the years 1631-1681 to commemorate the cessation of the terrible plague. The structure has an octagonal shape and two domes – a large and a smaller ones, as well as two small bell towers. Around the basilica, along the gallery, six chapels are located. All eight of the temple facades are richly decorated with pilasters and tympans.

Church of Santa Maria Gloriosa dei Frari

Santa Maria Gloriosa dei Frari is probably the most impressive church in Venice, located in the San Polo district in the square with the same name. It was built in the XIV – XV century by Franciscan monks who received this piece of land as a gift from the Doge Jacopo Tiepolo. Construction of the temple lasted for nearly a century: from 1250 to 1338. Consecration of the church took place in 1492. Height of the church tower is of 70 meters, making it the second tallest in the city after the bell tower of San Marco. The altar of the church is decorated with “Santa Maria Assunta” (“Mary Assumption”) by Titian.

Museo Correr

Teodoro Correr Museum (Museo Correr) was founded in 1830 by the Venetian patrician for basilica_san_marcostorage of the richest collections of art in Venice. The museum includes three sections: historical museum, an art gallery and a museum of Risorgimento. Besides priceless works of painters of the XVIII century, the museum shows unique pieces of furniture, interior, dishes and carpets.

Galleria dell’Accademia

Academy Gallery (Galleria dell’Accademia) contains a unique collection of Venetian paintings of XIII – XVIII centuries. It is here that you can see the major works of prominent Venetian masters – Bellini, Giorgione, Titian, Tintoretto and Veronese. The gallery is open from 9.00 to 19.00 (on Sundays and public holidays until 14.00).

Peggy Guggenheim Collection

St. marcus-place_veniceCollection of Peggy Guggenheim (Fondazione Peggy Guggenheim), the niece of the famous magnate Solomon R. Guggenheim, who lived in Venice from 1947 until his death in 1979, is one of the most complete collection of paintings by artists of the XX century in the world.
It provides such painting genres, as Cubism, Surrealism, Futurism, Expressionism. Among the distinguished authors – Brancusi, de Chirico, Max Ernst, Malevich, Chagall, Picasso, Marcel Duchamp, Magritte, etc. The museum exposition is often sent to the temporary exhibitions of the museum Guggenheim empire.

Venice Carnival

If you’re a fan of event tourism, you can not forget one of the brightest events in Italy – Venice Carnival. The event takes place from 1094, it lasts exactly 10 days – from 6 to 16 February. For carnivala long time, carnival costumes were simply a few variations of simple black cloaks and long-nosed masks, but thanks to Giacomo Casanova from the XVIII century, costumes range expanded considerably.

Categories: Italy, World